First Introduction Of Nepal:
You are welcome in Nepal- the most happening destination in the World- a heavy mixture of Unique culture proudly preserved; mind blowing adventure and remarkable Natural beauty. A land where you can revitalize your mind, body and soul amidst scenery that is simply a knock out-age-old traditional hospitality is a bonus, of course.
The Himalayan country has the richest and most diverse culture landscapes anywhere. Nepal is the holy land of Lord PashupatiNath and Gautam Buddha where the Hindus and Buddhists have lived together in harmony for centuries. The Temple of Pasupatinath is Nepal's most sacred Hindu Shrine and one of the four most important cities in the World for Shiva worshippers. The Lord Buddha, the light of Asia, was born in Lumbini in Nepal's Southern plains, Which makes Nepal a scared pilgrimage destination for Buddhists as well as.
The rich tapestry of the cultural heritage of Nepal is synthesized in the Kathmandu valley- These ancient cities of the valley Patan, Kathmandu, Bhaktapur-represent an epitome of harmony in urban design, elegant architecture and refined culture. These cities pack a concentration of religions monuments unequalled in the world. Don't miss the seven monument zones
named as World Heritage Sites by UNESCO all situated within the small confines of the valley.
Art, Craft & Culture:
Bronze & Metal, Ceramics & Pottery, Dance, Festivals, Gold Jewelry, Language, Living Goddess, Masks, Mithila Art, Museums, Traditional Tamang Music, Paper(Handmand), Semi Precious Stones, Souvenirs, Stone, Terracotta, Textiles, Thangka, Woodcraving.
Body, Mind & Soul:
Astrology, Ayurveda, Buddhist Studies, Faith Healer, Homoeopathy, Meditaion, Myths & floklore, Pilgrimage Sites, Sacred symbols, Tibetan Medicine, Yoga, Taichi.
Animals, Birds, Butterflies, Flora, Fossils (Shaligram, Ammonite), Medicinal Plants, Orchids, Rhododendrons, Tree.
Namo Buddha, Stupa of Boudhanath, Stupa of Swayambhunath, Pashupatinath, Changu Narayan, Jankpur, Panauti, Ruruchhetra, Varaha chhetra, World Heritage UNESCO.
Home Stays, Rural Visits, Sustainable Eco Tourism, Village Tourism etc.
In adding dazzling color to Nepal's myriad attractions are the many festivals that do the calendar. Try to Join in the numerous annual festivals that are celebrated throughout the year in traditional style highlighting enduring customs and beliefs.
The dates for festivals are determined using Nepal's calendar and the dates change annually on the Gregorian calendar.
|Name of months||Festival in Nepal|
|December - January||Seto Machhendranath|
|February- March||Shiva Raatri (Lord Shiva's Night)|
|March - April||Baleju Jatra, Ghora jatra|
|April - May||Biskhet Jatra, Mother's day, Rato Macchendranath and Buddha Jayanti (Buddha's Birthday)|
|May - June||Mani Rimdu|
|June - July||Tribhuvan Jayanti|
|July - August||Naga Panchami(Day of the Sankes), Janai Purnima (The Sacred Thread)|
|August - September||Gai Jatra, Krishna Jayanti(Krishna's Birth), Father's Day, Tij(Women's Festival)|
|Sepember - October||Indra Jatra, Dasain|
|October - November||Tihar|
|November - December||Sita Bibha Panchami, Balachaturdasi.|
Nepal is Between of China and India occupying an area of 147,181 sq.km, its length from North-west to South-East is about 800 km and its width varies from 90km to 230km. Though Nepal is small in size, we find different geographical positions and variations in the altitudes of different places. Its elevation ranges from 60m above sea level to 8848m.
Nepal is geographically divided into three major regions:
This region possesses one third of the entire Himalayan ranges including the eight highest peaks over 8,000 m(26,326ft.): Dhaulagiri, Annapurna, Kanchenjunga, Lhotse, Makalu, Cho Oyu, Manaslu and Everest (mother of the Earth). In height making Nepal proud of its natural beauty and heritage.
This region covers 64% of Nepal's total surface area. The Mahabharata range with an altitude of 4877mt. and Chure hills ranging from 135m. to 900m.
This region covers 17% of Nepal's total surface area. A major portion of this region is used in farming. This is where most Nepal's forests and Wildlife are found, Royal Bengal tigers, one-horned rhinos, crocodiles, snakes, fresh-water dolphins, more then 400 species of birds etc are all part of the wildlife found this region.
Nepali religion based on two "great and high" traditions____buddshim and hinduism____each undergrad by expressions of local "little" traditions of animism and shamanism. (Of course, practitioners of the latter do not necessarily see their religion in this way, the dichotomy is only for purposes of analysis.) Since only a very small percentage of Nepalis are Muslim, or Musalman, they will not be considered here.
Hinduism is not a religion, but a way of life, " This seems evident for observing the devout in Nepal. Hinduism is rooted in the texts of the ancient Vedas dating to 2000 B.C. As it evolved, three main deities became focal: Brahma the creator, Vishnu the preserver, and Shiva the destroyer. In their varied manifestations, they pervade daily ritual and symbolize the cycle of life. There are no basic dogmas, no qualities that define a Hindu, expect perhaps whether that person employs a Brahman as a priest. It is left to each individual to decide the form of his or her worship. The caste system is a fundamental aspect of Hinduism. An individual who aspires to rebirth in a higher caste must live a proper life in his present caste. This precept has exerted a significant stabilizing effect on India and Nepali societies. Caste etiquette was codified as law in Nepal in the Muluki Ain of 1854. Although this law has now been repealed, it still governs behavior.
Buddhism, On the other hand, is more a philosophy than a religion, is more a philosophy than a religion. Founded by the disciples of Siddhartha Gautam, born at Lumbini in Nepal's Tarai around 623 B.C., Buddhism is based on the four noble truths: Existence is suffering, craving and attachment cause suffering, the attainment of nirvana is an end to this suffering, and there is a path to nirvana, the eightfold way. These are right views, right resolve, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right concentration. Buddhism depends on the institution of a monastery and monks. The Buddhist community supports a monastery and derives strength from it. Meditation and observance of moral precepts are the foundations of Buddhist practice. To trekkers, the recitation of the esoteric mantra Om Mani Padme Hum, and the spinning of prayer wheels, is examples of meditative practice observed by the common folk.
In Nepal, Hinduism is reflected both in the system of caste, which defines social status and in a subsistence economy based on rice agriculture and highly ritualized cattle culture (Cow Worship).
Buddhism, Principally the Mahayana ("Great Vehicle") Tibetan form, with strong tantric expression, is found among the Bho Tiya people of the northern border area. Buddhist Newar of Kathmandu Valley practices Vajnarayan Buddhism. Buddshim and Hinduism tend to blend in many settings, such as the Kathmandu Valley, where indigenous Newar practice both religions, side and intermixed. The various local expressions of these two religions, and of animism and shamanism, are so conceptually interwoven that it would take much more than this short account to untangle and explain them accurately and clearly.
"Animism and shamanism are concerned respectively with spirits that exist in nature and with the human condition, body and soul, alive or departed. Animistic beliefs and shamanic ritual permeate both of the "high" cultures of Buddhism and Hinduism. At virtually every wayside shrine, in almost every religions rite, in ceremonies performed by lay people as well as by Hindu temple priests (Pujaari), Buddist priests(Lama), or village shaman (jhaakri), you will see some from of worship (puja) focusing on both the animate and inanimate objects of nature. Funerals, rites of passage, and curing ceremony, your presence may be offensive (your proximity to food preparation or to hallowed ground, for example, may be deemed ritually polluting). As you observe ritual events, be aware of the sensitivities of the officiates and participants. In addition, open your senses to the fullness of their expression, especially to the sometimes-awesome respect shown for nature to the moon, earth, fire, water, and air: to cow dung and smoky incense; to cow's urine and curds; to the blood sacrifice of chickens, pigeons, goats, and buffalo. There in you will begin to glimpse a very close association between villager and nature, a necessary relationship that many people, caught up in the frenetic pace of the modern world elsewhere, seem to have forgotten or have uncaringly abandoned.